Weather for the Following Location: Krakow map, Poland
  Car & Moto Rentals

Rent a car, jeep or moto to move in Krakow and around the city comfortably by dismissing predicament and avoiding traffic jams.

  Accommodation

Searching where to stay in Krakow? Check these hotels and cozy hostels in Krakow, or around the city for all budgets and for all tastes.

  Food & Drinks

Krakow is also known for its rich gastronomy and deliciously cuisine. Check out these bars, cafes, and restaurants in Krakow and around.

  Nightlife, Clubs & Bars

Discover the best nightclubs and bars in Krakow. Check out some of these cozy places for rambling around, letting loose and drinking.

  Excursions, Tours & Transfer

Find popular guided tours and excursions in Krakow. Book a transfer from the airport to any place within the city or vice versa.

  Education & Language Schools

Language schools and other educational institutions and centers offering Polish language courses and cultural programs in Krakow.

15/10/2022
Nature & Wildlife
Krakow is the former capital of Poland and a city with thousand-year-long traditions. The city of Krakow is famous for its rich history, world-class monuments, historic Old Town, Wawel Royal Castle, and a lot of churches.

Ojców National Park

The bulbous stone peaks and forest-clad valleys of the Ojców National Park can be found just 20 minutes by car outside of Krakow.

Criss-crossed by walking trails and peppered with deep caves, they also boast allegedly haunted castle ruins and traditional country taverns. If you’re visiting Krakow for more than a long weekend, the park is a great choice for a day away from the city.

Ojców National Park (Ojcowski Park Narodowy) is a national park in Kraków County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship in southern Poland, established in 1956. It takes its name from the village of Ojców, where it also has its headquarters. Chopin visited Ojców in 1829.

It is Poland’s smallest national park, with an original area of 14.40 square km, since expanded to 21.46 square km. Of this area, 15.28 square km is forested and 2.51 square km is strictly protected.

The park is approximately 16 km north of Kraków, in the Jurassic Kraków-Częstochowa Upland.

Geography

Karst topography of soluble bedrock characterizes the park, which in addition to two rivers (the Prądnik and Saspówka) valleys contains numerous limestone cliffs, ravines, and over 400 caves.

The largest of these, Łokietek’s Cave (said to have sheltered King Władysław I Łokietek, for whom it was named), is 320 meters deep.

The area is also noted for its rock formations, the most famous being Hercules’ Club, a 25-meter-high limestone column.

Ojcowski Park is very biodiverse; over 5500 species reside in the park. These include 4600 species of insects (including 1700 beetles and 1075 butterflies) and 135 birds.

Mammals include the beaver, badger, ermine, and 15 species of bats, many of which hibernate in the park’s caves during the winter.

Waters

The water network in its present shape developed at the end of the Tertiary period as a result of the deep erosion of streams.

The main watercourse is the Pradnik. Its tributary in the Park is the Saspowka. The streams are supplied with water from about 20 springs in karst cracks, called “wywierzyska” (rising springs).

Human habitation and culture

The earliest settlement in the area dates to the Paleolithic, approximately 120,000 years ago. The Ojców region is rich in flint, which attracted early humans.

The park contains numerous castles, including a ruined Gothic castle at Ojców and a better-preserved Renaissance castle at Pieskowa Skała, both on the tourist Trail of the Eagles’ Nests.

There are two museums in the park, the Professor Władyslaw Szafer Museum (named for the first person to advocate the creation of a national park in the Ojców area), and a branch of the Kraków-based National Art Collection, located in the Pieskowa Skała castle.


Like it? Then share this with your friends!

Use these tags to read more related posts and reviews:
https://travelkrakow.com

Travel and discover the city of Krakow. Krakow is the former capital of Poland and a city with thousand-year-long traditions. The city of Krakow is famous for its rich history, world-class monuments, historic Old Town, Wawel Royal Castle, and a lot of churches. Here you can find all tourist and historical information about Krakow, places of interest, suggested excursions and recommended routes, and much more.

Read related categories for more information:
Use these tags to read more related posts and reviews:

Comments are closed.